Adolphe Jacquesson PortraitAdolphe Jacquesson Portrait
©Adolphe Jacquesson Portrait

Adolphe Jacquesson

Adolphe Jacquesson is the inventor of the wire hood and metal cap used for corking bottles of champagne.

He shares his story with you…

Adolphe Jacquesson CapsuleAdolphe Jacquesson Capsule
Adolphe Jacquesson

(1800-1876)

Hello, my name is Adolphe Jacquesson

I was born in Châlons-en-Champagne in 1800, two years after my parents Claude and Memmie Jacquesson created the family business. The house grew rapidly and Jacquesson Champagne even became Napoleon’s favourite. My parents were awarded a gold medal in 1810.

In 1837, I took over the management of this family-run champagne house. I dedicated myself to champagne but I was an inventor at heart.

The House became my laboratory, and an ideal place to express my creativity. I came up with a number of inventions to improve production techniques.

I spend a lot of time researching how best to improve the process of making a bottle of champagne. My inventions included cellar lighting using a system of reflectors, a bottle washing and capping machine (very simple but revolutionary at the time), and “tables-tas” (mobile shelves for interleaving layers of bottles).

My most important invention was in 1844. I created the wire hood and metal crown cork with its stopper, which cellarmen today refer to as a “bidule”. I filed the patent for my invention, which was officially awarded to me on February 6th, 1845. 170 years later, my invention continues to hold corks in place.

In 1867, the sales of the champagne house reached 1 million bottles per year. But the accidental death of my brother and myself in 1876 opened a less glorious period for the Maison. Sales declined and the business changed owners several times.”

Images: patent n°412 registered on November 15th, 1844 by Adolphe Jacquesson for improvements in the apparatus and processes for corking bottles containing wines or other sparkling or non-sparkling liquids (Source: INPI archives).

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Where to find me today

Champagne Jacquesson

8 Rue du Colonel Fabien
51530 Dizy

Maison Jacquesson is now run by the Chiquet family who produce all their wines with wood.